Analyzing the vulnerability and adaptive capacity of North Africa’s agricultural groundwater economy - Arena

This research project will study the vulnerability and adaptive capacity of the groundwater economy, which represents a social‐ecological system, where social and biophysical dynamics are closely linked and interdependent.

Dates de début et de fin du projet

Janvier 2012 à Décembre 2015 (4 ans).


The groundwater economy combines two extremely complex systems: 

  • The  aquifer system, where recharge and discharge mechanisms and groundwater abstraction through wells are intimately intertwined.
  • The people’s irrigation economy in which the initiative, investment, and management have come primarily from farmers. 


Plaine de Kairouan (Tunisie Centrale).


The objective of the project is to develop an integrated approach to analyze the vulnerability and the adaptive capacity of  the ‘groundwater economy’ in North Africa in the face of environmental, economic and social change, and develop participatory ways to support the adaptive management of the groundwater economy. The focus will be on three irrigated territories with medium or large aquifers in North Africa.


  • Institut National Agronomique de Tunisie (INAT)


  • ANR (programme2011-changements environnementaux planétaires & sociétés).

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